Background

The policy for the execution of major infrastructural projects conducted by the Senegalese Government, should be perceived as a central element of an aggressive approach guided by the Head of State’s vision to turn Senegal into an emerging country. Thus, the new economic and social development strategy is based on the search for an accelerated economic growth, structured to enhance the effectiveness of poverty reduction efforts, with diversified sources to ensure its perpetuation.

It is admitted that promoting exports and attracting foreign direct investments are the key levers of an accelerated and sustainable growth.

In order to permanently operate these levers, there is need to create conditions that are conducive to the competitiveness of all sectors of the economy (agriculture, industry and services, in particular) by developing economic  infrastructure to support production, and  implementing measures to promote and facilitate national as well as international private investments. 

As can be seen, these infrastructure and structuring equipment are among the key means   --- if not the major tool --- that could facilitate the implementation and rapid realization of this vision. They will have a certain impact on the national economy, particularly in the field of transportation and land-use planning. 

The importance attached to the major structuring projects should be seen along these lines as they are meant to remove, in the short-term, one of the major constraints to private investments.

The Dakar- Diamniadio Toll Highway Project occupies a favourable position among these major projects.

Already in the 1970s, a feasibility study for a highway link between Dakar and Thiès had been undertaken. It was followed by a comprehensive study which was pursued up to the preparation of tender documents in 1980.

However, 20 years after the completion of these studies, this political will could still not be materialized .

With effect from 2000, to sustainably tackle the difficult traffic conditions experienced especially between Dakar and its suburbs, the public authorities took the firm decision to reverse the flow of movements which, until then, essentially converged on Dakar and its outlying plateau; with a view to achieving a better controlled spatial  dynamics. 

APIX s.a. was thus entrusted with the management of this ambitious project, and in relation with the steering committee, it undertook significant actions focused essentially on : 

 -      determining the best routing

-      the economic, financial and environmental feasibility study

-      the technical implementation study.

This approach showed that :

-      the road axis defined in 1978, with some adaptations within the corridor, was the most  appropriate.

-      The economic and financial viability of the highway project was guaranteed for the segment between Dakar and Diamniadio and that there was need to differ the construction of the highway segment between Diamniadio and Thies.

In a bid to give a strong signal, the Government has undertaken since 2005 to construct the first highway stretch between Malick Sy and Pikine (with its own funds) within the framework of the urban mobility improvement program, while pursuing the studies on the last stretch between Pikine and Diamniadio, the implementation of which is expected to be funded through Public-Private Partnership.